Ecology and management of large mammals in North America. McDonald, and D. Other questions posed to respondents were deed to quantify various attributes and perspectives of respondents that might affect tolerance for cougars Table 1. Riveros, R. To better understand factors influencing tolerance and identify opportunities to improve conservation prospects for cougars, we implemented a questionnaire in west-central Alberta, where both human and cougar populations have increased over the past 20 years and where we had developed a resource selection function for cougars from telemetry data.
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Berger, B. Education may also need to focus on the importance of nonwilderness habitats i. Wilmers, E. Respondents were clearly less willing to support cougar-human coexistence as the landscape became more populated by people and were more willing to shoot a cougar as the severity of a hypothetical conflict scenario increased. Island Press, Washington, D. Anderson, editors.
Predicted relative probabilities of cougar landscape selection at a m pixel size for the study area were rescaled between 0 and 1 Manly et al Complaints about cougars filed with local fish and wildlife agencies have increased in several jurisdictions Torres et al. We asked respondents to rank the likelihood of the following scenarios on a five-point scale: 1 encountering a cougar near their home, 2 being attacked by a cougar near their home, 3 their pet being attacked by a cougar near their home, and 4 their livestock being attacked by a cougar.
Scientists increasingly recognized the ecological role top predators play in regulating ecosystems Terborgh et al. Livestock and pets also were prevalent in the eastern portion of the county, but were infrequently killed by cougars Knopff et al. Bjerke, B. Gittleman, S. Cruickshank, R.
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Human-wildlife conflict management: a practitioners guide. Public acceptance of mountain lion management: a case study of Denver, Colorado and nearby foothills areas. Vicious: wolves and men in America. Penteriani, V. Anders, et al.
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Quinn, B. Cougar management in North America: Canada. Human-carnivore conflict and perspectives on carnivore management worldwide. Determining where the wild things will be: using psychological theory to find tolerance for large carnivores.
Ironically, cougar recovery has been so successful in some places that more frequent conflict with people may be shifting public perception and increasing lethal management. Lauber, and W. Conservation Letters Rush, and A. We then used the average score from three questions to generate the variable VALUE, which describes the degree to which each respondent loojing cougars.
Other factors, such as education, were important drivers of tolerance for cougars in Alberta. Perceived as pests by early European settlers, cougars were extirpated from most of eastern North America except Florida and their s in other areas were drastically reduced Logan and SweanorGill The help of L. Wilson, and S.
Finally, we thank the residents of Clearwarter County, Alberta, who gave their time and effort to participate in this research. People and wildlife: conflict or coexistence? In their survey comments, a of hunters expressed concern that cougars reduce game populations and that current s of deer and elk were low because there were too many cougars on the Women fuck buddies plate 320. The Cougars received its highest preseason ranking in a quarter century Sunday, debuting at No.
The interaction between tolerance and risk perception is particularly relevant to the ever-increasing overlap between cougars and people through much of western North America, where wildlife managers may have opportunities for proactive attention to perceptions of risk. Fedriani, et al. Our at the fine scale i.
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Tolerance for cougars is clearly influenced by perceptions of the risks they pose, not only to people and livestock, but also to ungulate populations, which are hunted for meat, valued intrinsically, and marketed for trophy hunting. Cougar management guidelines. Ellison, Wielgus, H.
Decker, D. A primer of ecological statistics.
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Survey responses to our questions about value suggested that cougars may be tolerated by most respondents, at least in a general sense. Possible responses to questions about RISK were scaled using five categorical options ranging from very likely to unlikely. Mattson, D. Linnell, M. Although such correlations have been reported at Lady looking sex MS Inverness 38753 spatial scales, we suggest they may break down at finer scales.
Pressing business. We suggest that long-term coexistence with carnivores, including carnivore recolonization of habitats from which they have been extirpated, will require management policies that emphasize education, accurate risk assessment, and proactive prevention of conflict. Hornocker, editors. Comments Coming off a historic win season, the University of Houston is finding out it still has some doubters.